Badger Gate Manorial Records
Document dated 6th April, 1795.
MANOR OF MARSDEN To whit the Court Leet of our Sovereign LORD THE King with the Court Baron of William Radcliffe Esquire, Lord of the said Manor held at Marsden aforesaid in and for the said Manor on Monday the sixth day of April on the thirty fifth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five Before James Crosland Gentleman steward there.
AT THIS COURT it was found by the homage upon their oaths that Joseph Campinott late of Lingards Wood in Marsden in the Parish of Almondbury and County of York clothier deceased having heretofore, to wit, by a surrender courted the Day and year abovewritten surrendered into the Hands of the Lord of the said Manor according to the custom thereof All his customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, Lands, Woods, Woody Ground, Tenements and Heridataments whatsoever situate and being within or pared of the said Manor. To and for such uses intents and purposes as should he thereof expressed limited and appointed in and by his last will and testament Did in and by his last will and testament leasing date the twenty third day of November last Give and Devise unto his son in law Sammy France All that new erected dwelling house or tenement therein his holding situate and being in Lingards Wood aforesaid. And also a Turfeote adjoining thereto. To hold him and heirs and assigns forever. Which said premises being of the yearly rent to the Lord of the said Manor of Marsden (?) six pence are granted from the said Lord by his Steward to the said Sammy France To Hold to himself and his heirs and assigns forever.And he hath given to the Lord for a fine of admittance six pence and thereupon admitted a tenant.
Examined by me J. Crosland Steward.
Document dated 6th April, 1795, Document 2
MANOR OF MARSDEN to wit the Court Leet of our Sovereign Lord the King with the Court Baron of William Radcliffe Esquire Lord of the said Manor held at Marsden on Monday the sixth day of April in the thirty fifth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland being defender of the faith and so forth and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety five Before James Crosland, Gentleman Steward there.
AT THIS COURT it was found by the Homage upon their oaths that Joseph Campinott late of Lingards Wood in the Parish of Almondbury and County of York Clothier deceased having heretofore to wit by a surrender courted this day and year abovementioned surrendered into the hands of the Lord of the said Manor according to the custom thereof all his customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, Lands Woods, woody ground, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever situate and being within or parcel of the said Manor To and for such uses, intents and purposes as should be thereof expressed, limited and appointed in and by his last will and Testament Did in and by his last will and testament bearing date the twenty third of November last give and devise unto his son James Campinott All that messuage, Dwelling house or Tenement, Barn, Mistal and other outhousing with all the appurtenances. And also a chamber over the said Turfcote given to his son in law Sammy France (which chamber was then used as a twining shop and which together with the said last mentioned messuage or tenement and outhousing was in his own occupation) And also all the Closes, Lands and Grounds then also occupied by him with the appurtenances to the same belonging or appertaining to and also all the rest residue and remainder of his Copyhold Estate situate and being within or Parcel of the said Manor of Marsden to hold to his said son James Campinott his heirs and assigns forever subject nevertheless to and chargeable with the payment of the sum of Thirty Pounds then due and owing from him (the said testator) to George Roberts on a Promisary note, together with all interest due on the same and also with the Payment of the sum of Forty Pounds to the Testator's son in law Joseph France at the end of twelve months next atter his decease which said Premises abovementioned to be devised to the said James Campinott are of the yearly rent to the Lord of the said Manor of four shillings eleven pence Parcel of the original yearly rent of 6s 5d Payable for the same together with other tenements and premises situate at Lingards Wood aforesaid devised by the said Joseph Campinott deceased to Hannah his wife for life and are granted from the said Lord for a fine of admission and hath done his fealty and is therefore admitted Tenant.
Examined by me J Crosland Steward there.
From Deeds to Badgergate Farm, 12 May 1849
12 May, 1849.
Receipts for legacies of 10 pounds each bequeathed by James Campinot to each of his daughters, Hannah, Mary, Betty, Sally, Martha and Alice.
There was then due and owing to Joseph Firth the sum of 400 pounds pence. And that Joseph Campinot had agreed to make such surrender for better securing said sum of 400 pounds to Joseph Firth.
In consideration of the said sum of 400 pounds so due and owing from the estate of said Joseph Campinot to Joseph Firth Joseph Campinot and Margaret his wife she being solely confessed and examined by Frederick Robert Jones the younger Steward of the said courts freely and voluntarily consenting thereto Did surrender and give up with a straw unto the hands of the Lord of the Manor All that messuage, dwelling house or tenement barn mistal and other outhousing with the appurts situate in Marsden. And also a certain chamber over the said dwelling house which chamber was formerly used as a twining shop and which together with the last mentioned messuage or tenement was formerly in the occupation of Joseph Campinot deceased aRerwards of James Campinot deceased but then of sd Joseph Campinot first mentioned. And also all the land about 8 acres which were in the occupation of Joseph Campinot together with all the houses etc. All which said premises within the Manor of Marsden and of the yearly rent to the Lord of the Manor of 4/1 ld
And all that estate to the only proper use and behoof sd Joseph Firth his heirs and assigns for ever.
But upon trust that Joseph Firth his heirs execs or admins should enter into ?rect of the rents and profits thereof and therefore retain and payto himself and themselves 16 pounds per annum as interest on the said sum of400 pounds at 4 pounds per cent per annum for the term often years from the date of said surrender and should pay the residue of such rents, issues and profits unto sd. Joseph Campinot first named his exors and admors yearly.
Usual trusts for sale after the expiration of such 10 years and after 6 months notice of intention to sell and default in payment pursuant to such notice.
And upon trast that in case sd Joseph Campinot his execx admors or assigns should within such 6 months after the delivering or leaving of such notice aforesaid pay unto said Joseph Firth his execs or admors said principal sum of 400 pounds with all interest which might be then due thereon then that sd Joseph Firth his heirs and assigns should be forthwith upon such payment surrender such heredities into the hands of the Lord of the Manor. To the use ofsd Joseph Campinot (first named) his heirs and assigns forever.
And he gave to the Lord of the Manor for a fine of adrnittance and was thereupon admitted tenant his fealty being respited.
From deeds of Badgergate Farm
5th June,1854, Will so dated ofsd Joseph Firth (therein described as of Staleybridge in the County of Chester, Yeoman)
Whereby he appointed his son David Firth and his son in law William Mayman exors and trustees of his will. And atter disposing of his household furniture and effects in manner therein mentioned he devised all the real estate to which he should be entitled at his decease except estates vested in him as trustee or mortgagee and he bequeathed the residue of the personal estate to which he should be then entitled to said David Firth and William Mayman their heirs exors admors and assigns respectively upon trust to sell his real estate and to invest the monies arising thereIom in manner herein mentioned.
Badgergate Farm was auctioned by William Sykes of Holmfirth at the New Inn Marsden on 20th September 1882 on behalf of James Fielding. Lot one: all that farmhouse with the cottages, barn, mistal and other outbuildings and seven doses of land adjoining or near thereto situate at Badgergate, Lingards Wood in Marsden now in the occupation of Mr James Fielding and his tenant. Lot two: part of Lingards Wood pasture containing 2 acres, 2 roods, ten perches or thereabouts. All of which said premises are copyhold of the Manor of Marsden. The rent being five shillings and five pence.
(copyhold, similar to leasehold)
At some stage one or rnore of the cottages were owned by the Firth family, who originated from Hill Farm, and who founded Cellars Clough Mills. The Firths owned several properties on Chain Road; a John Firth owned a beerhouse and farmed 7 acres at Chain, I have not yet located Badgergate Cottages on the online 1901 census.
A former resident of Badgergate Cottages, (Mr J. Jones) informed me that he and his wife rented cottage number one, nearest the farm, in 1962. The other two properties were also let separately. He eventually bought all three cottages and the land to the front of the cottages and to the west. He claimed that he'd bought the cottages from the owner of the farm, that would be Kathleen Heppenstall, but the deeds record that Mr Jones bought the cottages from Hilda Firth. It may be that the Firths owned the other two cottages, (If you have any information on this, or anything else about Badgergate, please contact the website)
Mr Jones sold the three cottages in 1972 and they were then converted into one property, as it now stands.
Electricity was brought to the area in 1948. When Badgergate Farm and cottages were connected to the national grid is not known. The water supply to the cottages was a well in the cellar of the cottage nearest the farm, with a hand pump on the exterior wall of that house, (both still in situ) until the cottages were converted into one dwelling. There was access to this water supply via a door on the side of the cottage, for residents of the cottage that was within the farm boundary. An electric pump was installed to raise the water from the well to be stored in roof tanks when the cottages were converted. Mains water was only laid on in 1992. The Farm relied on a spring water supply until 1996. When the well at the cottages and spring water to the farm dried up in summer, (or in the latter case froze in winter) water had to be carried from wells and troughs in the fields behind the properties.
DOCUMENT MANOR OF MARSDEN 26th March, 1883
Admittance of Sam Haigh and others on purchase of surrender from James Fielding and mortgagee Edward Hughes of Huddersfield. (in this document Edward Hughes is later described as Fielding's tenant) Edward Hughes received £300 as his part of the transaction. The Haighs are described as tenants in common in equal shares.
1883 - Sam, Dan, John, Sarah Ann, Harriet, Jane and Hannah Haigh, brothers and sisters, bought Badgergate Farm for £600 and moved there from The Steep in Marsden.
1897 - Hannah Haigh marries Tom Edward Heppenstall
1901 - Edward Heppenstall born in Golcar.
HAIGH SAM, head, unmarried, age 52, farmer, born Marsden
HAIGH DAN, brother, unmarried, age 49, farmer's brother, born Marsden
HAIGH SARAH Asister, unmarried, age 47, born Marsden
HAIGH JOHN, brother, unmarried, age 43, farmer's brother, born Marsden
HAIGH HARRIET, sister, unmarried, age 36, woollen cloth mender, born Marsden
HAIGH JANE, sister, unmarried, age 32, woollen cloth mender, born Marsden
1906 - Edward Heppenstall went to live with his uncles and aunts, the Haighs, at Badgergate. It is not known why, he was an only child at the time.
1909 - Sam Haigh dies on the 9t May. He leaves his share of the farm to his brothers and sisters. He also leaves £17 10s 0d.
1911 - Dan Haigh dies on the 2nd October. He also leaves his share of the farm to his brothers and sisters, and bequeaths £400 to Sarah Ann Haigh and £400 to Jane Haigh. Total estate £1862 12s ld
1904 - Edward Heppenstall leaves school, and is expected to work on the farm, but after a while he rebelled and went to work in textiles.
1918 - John Haigh dies, he leaves estate of £2090
1922 - Jane Haigh, the last of Edward's Badgergate family, dies, and he lives briefly with his parems in Morley Lane, Milnsbridge. Shortly after this, Edward changes his mind about farming and raises the money to buy Badgergate Farm and the nearest cottage. At about the same time he married Doris Wimpermy (or Winpenny)
1923 - Winnie Heppenstall born at Badgergate
1935 - Frank Heppenstall born at Badgergate
Edward Heppenstall famed at Badgergate all his life, producing mainly eggs and poultry. He also owned and let the four Badgergate cottages.
1949 - Doris Heppenstall dies. Edward continues to live at the farm.
1950 - Edward Heppenstall marries Kathleen McHugh
1960 - Edward Heppenstall dies on the 15t August, in Blackpool leaving the farm to his wife. Kathleen continues to farm there until the farm is sold again in 1969 or 1970. She then goes to live with her brother in Slaithwaite.
Some of this information is from D. Mellor of Nottingham, the nephew of Edward Heppenstall.